- Difficulty breathing
is spread of a disease among a certain
area, in which there is no direct knowledge of how or when someone contracted
the disease. While some cases of coronavirus can be pinpointed to certain
trips, associations between people or other events, instances of “community
spread” are less specific and harder to trace.
is a situation where a disease spreads
rapidly among many people, and in a higher concentration than normal. It is on
a smaller scale, however, than a pandemic. The global COVID-19 outbreak is
considered to be an epidemic, though there are fears among governments and
medical communities that it could become a pandemic.
is a higher-than-normal rate of
occurrence of a disease. The terms epidemic and pandemic are often used to
describe the magnitude or nature of an outbreak or series of outbreaks. In
other words, think of outbreak as the building block of several other
A way of preventing the spread of
contagious illnesses, as suggested by the World Health Organization.
“Social distancing” doesn’t man staying inside. It means keeping a
generous amount of personal space — about three feet — in between yourself
and anyone who is coughing or sneezing. This will prevent you from inhaling the
majority of the droplets expelled by coughing or sneezing, which can carry the
is an effective precautionary measure to protect those around you – your
family, friends, colleagues – from contracting COVID-19. It means taking
simple, common-sense steps to avoid close contact with other people as much as
possible, like you would with the seasonal flu virus. We know it’s a stressful
time, but taking these measures will help protect you, your family and all of
New Zealand from COVID-19 and other common infectious diseases.
as possible, you should limit your contact with people other than the family
members/companions you traveled with. You should avoid having visitors to your
home, but it is okay for friends, family or delivery drivers to drop off food
stay at home until your Public Health
Authority advises you that you are no longer at risk of spreading the virus to
avoid contact with other people to
help prevent the spread of disease in your home and in your community,
particularly people at high risk of severe illness outcomes such as older
adults or medically vulnerable people
yourself for 14 days for one or more symptoms of COVID-19
about your day but avoid crowded places and increase your personal space from
others, whenever possible
Health and Wellbeing:
emotional and mental health is important. It is normal to feel stressed or
lonely when self-isolating, but there are some things you can do to feel better.
Information on managing your mental wellbeing.
Reach out to your usual
supports, like family and friends, and talk about how you feel. We also
recommend sticking to a routine such as having regular mealtimes, bedtimes and
If you feel you are not coping, it is important to talk with a health
professional. For support with grief, anxiety, distress or mental wellbeing.